Endometriosis is a medical condition that affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age in the UK and around 10% of the world’s female population.

The condition itself occurs when endometrium (the lining of the uterus) begins to grow in other areas of the female reproductive system such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes or along the pelvis. As this tissue breaks down as it would within the menstrual cycle, it has no place to go and so causes symptoms and potential complications.

In the rest of this guide, we will take a look at the symptoms and causes of Endometriosis, as well as the treatments we offer here at the relaxing and calming MAS Gynaecology.

Older Woman Smiling
Endometriosis Symptoms


The most common symptom felt by most women who suffer endometriosis is severe cramping during menstruation, this is caused as the lining sheds and causes internal bleeding in areas that it does not belong in. This can cause blockages and the formation of scar tissue and cysts.

Other symptoms that women suffering from endometriosis may experience include pain during intercourse, fatigue, bleeding between periods and possible painful urination and bowel movements. However, some woman will not have any telling symptoms and the condition is only diagnosed when they find that they are struggling to conceive.

As with any medical condition, it is important to book an appointment with a specialist. So if you notice that you have any endometriosis symptoms or if you have any concerns then please get in touch with MAS Gynaecology. Currently, because it is so difficult to diagnose, endometriosis can take up to 12 years for a definitive diagnosis with the average time length at around eight and a half years. This is why it is imperative to see a specialist gynaecologist as soon as you notice any of the symptoms.

The cramping and pain is gone, Endometriosis Surgery gave me my life back!


There is no clinically known reason for the cause of endometriosis however there are a number of risk factors that seem to increase the likely hood of suffering from endometriosis, such as: never having given birth, short menstrual cycles (less than 27 days), previous damage to the cells that line the pelvis and suffering from other medical conditions which cause irregularities in the menstrual flow.

Another extremely pronounced risk factor, and is highlighted as a possible cause, though the evidence is not 100%, is genetics, having a mother who also suffers from endometriosis.


Due to the nature of the symptoms of endometriosis the only true way to diagnosis the condition is to undergo a minor surgical procedure known as a laparoscopy. A laparoscopy will involve our expert gynaecologist, Mr Masood, inserting a thin scope into your abdomen to view your pelvic organs, where any extra endometrial tissue can be identified.

However, before it gets to this point our gynaecologist will try and rule out a number of other conditions which have similar symptoms and can be diagnosed without the need for laparoscopy, using basic medical testing, such as a pelvic exam or vaginal and abdominal ultrasound examinations.


Here at MAS Gynaecology, we believe in providing a calm, sensitive and relaxing environment for all our patients and ensuring that a completely tailored treatment plan is crafted and agreed upon.

At your consultation, we will discuss a number of factors that will impact the course of the treatment plan that our expert gynaecologist team will recommend for you. These factors include your age, the severity of symptoms and whether you are wanting to become pregnant at present or in the future.

If you are not looking to get pregnant then our first course of action is to treat endometriosis through the use of hormonal birth control pills, providing a less intrusive treatment, while helping to control your condition and alleviate the symptoms. However, if you are looking to get pregnant, then our treatment plan may involve the use of hormone agonist GnRH.

If treatment via medication does not relieve symptoms then we will look to treat your condition through surgery, including laparoscopy or a laparotomy, which will require our gynaecologist team to go through the abdomen and remove the extra endometrial tissues.

In nearly all cases patients will feel relief from their range of symptoms after surgery, though symptoms could possibly come back after two years, here the use of medication may be used alongside surgery to prolong the symptom-free period.

If, however, symptoms persist, and pain returns after surgery, then a final option may be to perform a hysterectomy.

Older Woman with Endometriosis

Condition Management

There are certain areas of your lifestyle you can target which may help to manage your endometriosis. Good nutrition and a healthy diet will always aid your cause regarding anything to do with your health and endometriosis is no different. As well as this, living an active life has been known to help with managing the condition.

Eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables will provide a lift to your immune system while foods rich in essential fats will offer an anti-inflammatory boost. Try to avoid to drinking things with a high caffeine content as they, along with tobacco, can place a strain on your liver.

So, there you have a complete guide to what is endometriosis, the potential causes and symptoms and how here at MAS Gynaecology we provide a relaxing and welcoming environment for you to undergo treatment to help relieve your symptoms. If you are concerned about your health then our team are always on hand to discuss the symptoms you may be experiencing, so why not give us a call to on 0782 597 0530. Alternatively, you can contact us by emailing fscott@masgynaecology.com.